Retrofit Adapters

License API Build Status Profile Dokka

🚆 Retrofit adapters for modeling network responses with Kotlin Result, Jetpack Paging3, and Arrow Either.

Sandwich

If you’re interested in a more specified and lightweight Monad sealed API library for modeling Retrofit responses and handling exceptions, check out Sandwich.

Kotlin’s Result

This library allows you to model your Retrofit responses with Kotlin’s Result class.

Maven Central

Add the dependency below to your module‘s build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation "com.github.skydoves:retrofit-adapters-result:1.0.0"
}

ResultCallAdapterFactory

You can return Kotlin’s Result class to the Retrofit’s service methods by setting ResultCallAdapterFactory like the below:

val retrofit: Retrofit = Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl("BASE_URL")
    .addConverterFactory(..)
    .addCallAdapterFactory(ResultCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .build()

Then you can return the Result class with the suspend keyword.

interface PokemonService {

  @GET("pokemon")
  suspend fun fetchPokemonList(
    @Query("limit") limit: Int = 20,
    @Query("offset") offset: Int = 0
  ): Result<PokemonResponse>
}

Finally, you will get the network response, which is wrapped by the Result class like the below:

viewModelScope.launch {
  val result = pokemonService.fetchPokemonList()
  if (result.isSuccess) {
    val data = result.getOrNull()
    // handle data
  } else {
    // handle error case
  }
}

Unit Tests by Injecting TestScope

You can also inject your custom CoroutineScope into the ResultCallAdapterFactory and execute network requests on the scope.

val testDispatcher: TestDispatcher = UnconfinedTestDispatcher()
val testScope = TestScope(testDispatcher)
val retrofit: Retrofit = Retrofit.Builder()
  .baseUrl("BASE_URL")
  .addConverterFactory(..)
  .addCallAdapterFactory(ResultCallAdapterFactory.create(testScope))
  .build()

Jetpack’s Paging

This library allows you to return the paging source, which is parts of the Jetpack’s Paging library.

Maven Central

Add the dependency below to your module‘s build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation "com.github.skydoves:retrofit-adapters-paging:1.0.0"
}

PagingCallAdapterFactory

You can return Jetpack’s PagingSource class to the Retrofit’s service methods by setting PagingCallAdapterFactory like the below:

val retrofit: Retrofit = Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl("BASE_URL")
    .addConverterFactory(..)
    .addCallAdapterFactory(PagingCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .build()

Then you can return the NetworkPagingSource class with the @PagingKeyConfig and @PagingKey annotations:

interface PokemonService {

  @GET("pokemon")
  @PagingKeyConfig(
    keySize = 20,
    mapper = PokemonPagingMapper::class
  )
  suspend fun fetchPokemonListAsPagingSource(
    @Query("limit") limit: Int = 20,
    @PagingKey @Query("offset") offset: Int = 0,
  ): NetworkPagingSource<PokemonResponse, Pokemon>
}

PagingKeyConfig and PagingKey

To return the NetworkPagingSource class, you must attach the @PagingKeyConfig and @PagingKey annotations to your Retrofit’s service methods.

  • @PagingKeyConfig: Contains paging configurations for the network request and delivery them to the call adapter internally. You should set the keySize and mapper parameters.
  • @PagingKey: Marks the parameter in the service interface method as the paging key. This parameter will be paged by incrementing the page values continuously.

PagingMapper

You should create a paging mapper class, which extends the PagingMapper<T, R> interface like the below for transforming the original network response to the list of paging items. This class should be used in the @PagingKeyConfig annotation.

class PokemonPagingMapper : PagingMapper<PokemonResponse, Pokemon> {

  override fun map(value: PokemonResponse): List<Pokemon> {
    return value.results
  }
}

You will get the network response, which is wrapped by the NetworkPagingSource class like the below:

viewModelScope.launch {
  val pagingSource = pokemonService.fetchPokemonListAsPagingSource()
  val pagerFlow = Pager(PagingConfig(pageSize = 20)) { pagingSource }.flow
  stateFlow.emitAll(pagerFlow)
}

Finally, you should call the submitData method by your PagingDataAdapter to bind the paging data. If you want to learn more about the Jetpack’s Paging, check out the Paging library.

Arrow’s Either

This library allows you to model your Retrofit responses with arrow-kt‘s Either class.

Maven Central

Add the dependency below to your module‘s build.gradle file:

dependencies {
    implementation "com.github.skydoves:retrofit-adapters-arrow:1.0.0"
}

EitherCallAdapterFactory

You can return Arrow’s Either class to the Retrofit’s service methods by setting EitherCallAdapterFactory like the below:

val retrofit: Retrofit = Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl("BASE_URL")
    .addConverterFactory(..)
    .addCallAdapterFactory(EitherCallAdapterFactory.create())
    .build()

Then you can return the Either class with the suspend keyword.

interface PokemonService {

  @GET("pokemon")
  suspend fun fetchPokemonListAsEither(
    @Query("limit") limit: Int = 20,
    @Query("offset") offset: Int = 0
  ): Either<Throwable, PokemonResponse>
}

Finally, you will get the network response, which is wrapped by the Either class like the below:

viewModelScope.launch {
  val either = pokemonService.fetchPokemonListAsEither()
  if (either.isRight()) {
    val data = either.orNull()
    // handle data
  } else {
    // handle error case
  }
}

Unit Tests by Injecting TestScope

You can also inject your custom CoroutineScope into the EitherCallAdapterFactory and execute network requests on the scope.

val testDispatcher: TestDispatcher = UnconfinedTestDispatcher()
val testScope = TestScope(testDispatcher)
val retrofit: Retrofit = Retrofit.Builder()
  .baseUrl("BASE_URL")
  .addConverterFactory(..)
  .addCallAdapterFactory(EitherCallAdapterFactory.create(testScope))
  .build()

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License

Designed and developed by 2022 skydoves (Jaewoong Eum)

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

GitHub

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