Automatic HTTP handlers for a controller object with specific annotations.


  1. Published 1-3-2023 DEADLINE: 03-4-2023
  2. Published 1-3-2023 DEADLINE: 08-5-2023
  3. Published 05-5-2023 DEADLINE: 29-5-2023

Assignment 1 – Types at runtime and Reflection API

The AutoRouter library allows the automatic creation of HTTP handlers for a pt.isel.autorouter.JsonServer based on a router object with specific annotations, according to the next example of ClassroomController.

All methods annotated with @AutoRoute and returning an Optional are eligible for HTTP handlers. To avoid ambiguity with existing types of JDK we choose to prefix annotations with Ar, i.e. ArRoute, ArQuery, ArBody.

For simplicity, JsonServer is only responding with status codes of 200, 404, and 500, depending on whether the handler returns a fulfilled Optional, an empty Optional or an exception. (you may consider the use of an alternative Either, or other type to enhance responses)

  1. Implement the Java function Stream<ArHttpRoute> autorouterReflect(Object controller), which builds a stream of ArHttpRoute objects for each eligible method in given controller object parameter.

  2. Implement another example of a controller object for a different domain, such as playlist, movies, football teams, basket, moto gp, or any other of your choice. Implement the corresponding tests to validate that all routes generated with autorouterReflect for your controller class are correctly invoked for each HTTP request.

The next figure shows the resulting stream of ArHttpRoute objects for the example of a ClassroomRouter instance. The autorouterReflect can be use in Kotlin through a statement such as:


ClassroomController example

class ClassroomController {
     * Example: http://localhost:4000/classroom/i42d?student=jo
    fun search(@ArRoute classroom: String, @ArQuery student: String?): Optional<List<Student>> {
     * Example:
     *   curl --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
     *     --request PUT \
     *     --data '{"nr": "7777", "name":"Ze Gato","group":"11", "semester":"3"}' \
     *     http://localhost:4000/classroom/i42d/students/7777
    @AutoRoute("/classroom/{classroom}/students/{nr}", method = PUT)
    fun addStudent(
        @ArRoute classroom: String,
        @ArRoute nr: Int,
        @ArBody s: Student
    ): Optional<Student> {
     * Example:
     *   curl --request DELETE http://localhost:4000/classroom/i42d/students/4536
    @AutoRoute("/classroom/{classroom}/students/{nr}", method = DELETE)
    fun removeStudent(@ArRoute classroom: String, @ArRoute nr: Int) : Optional<Student> {

Assignment 2 – Dynamic Code Generator and Performance Evaluation with JMH

In this workout we follow a different approach to invoke the functions of a controller object. Instead of using Reflection we will generate different implementations of ArHttpHandler for each function in controller object, as denoted in the next figure. Notice, these implementations (e.g. ArHttpHandlerSearch, ArHttpHandlerAddStudent, ArHttpHandlerRemoveStudent) do not use reflection to call the methods of ClassroomController.

Implement the Java function Stream<ArHttpRoute> autorouterDynamic(Object controller), which builds a stream of ArHttpRoute objects for each eligible method in given controller object parameter.


To run these benchmarks on you local machine just run:

./gradlew jmhJar

And then:

java -jar autorouter-bench/build/libs/autorouter-bench-jmh.jar -i 4 -wi 4 -f 1 -r 2 -w 2 
  • -i 4 iterations
  • -wi 4 warmup iterations
  • -f 1 fork
  • -r 2 run each iteration for 2 seconds
  • -w 2 run each warmup iteration for 2 seconds.


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