/ Miscellaneous

A lightweight kotlin library for Android Development

Koi - A lightweight Kotlin library for Android

Koi include many useful extensions and functions, they can help reducing the boilerplate code in Android applications. Specifically, Koi include a powerful extension function named asyncSafe.

Gradle

Latest Version: Maven Central Compiled with Kotlin 1.1.4.

compile 'com.mcxiaoke.koi:core:0.5.5' // useful extensions (only ~100k)
compile 'com.mcxiaoke.koi:async:0.5.5' // async functions (only ~70k)

Context Extensions

Activity Functions

// available for Activity
fun activityExtensions() {
    val act = getActivity() // Activity
    act.restart() // restart Activity
    val app = act.getApp() // Application
    val app2 = act.application  // Application
    // Activity.find()
    // Fragment.find()
    // View.find()
    val textView = act.find<TextView>(android.R.id.text1)
}

Fragment Functions

// available for Fragment
fun fragmentExtensions() {
    val act = activity // Activity
    val app = getApp() // Application
    val textView = find<TextView>(android.R.id.text1) // view.findViewById
    val imageView = find<TextView>(android.R.id.icon1) // view.findViewById
    }

Easy to use Toast

// available for Context
fun toastExtensions() {
    // available in Activity/Fragment/Service/Context
    toast(R.string.app_name)
    toast("this is a toast")
    longToast(R.string.app_name)
    longToast("this is a long toast")
}

Easy to Inflate Layout

    // available for Context
    fun inflateLayout() {
        val view1 = inflate(R.layout.activity_main)
        val viewGroup = view1 as ViewGroup
        val view2 = inflate(android.R.layout.activity_list_item, viewGroup, false)
    }

Useful Functions

// available for Context
fun miscExtensions() {
    val hasCamera = hasCamera()

    mediaScan(Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/Pictures/koi/cat.png"))
    addToMediaStore(File("/sdcard/Pictures/koi/cat.png"))

    val batteryStatusIntent = getBatteryStatus()
    val colorValue = getResourceValue(android.R.color.darker_gray)
}

Easy to create Intent

// available for Context
fun intentExtensions() {
    val extras = Bundle { putString("key", "value") }
    val intent1 = newIntent<MainActivity>()
    val intent2 = newIntent<MainActivity>(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK, extras)
}

Easy to Start Activity

// available for Activity
fun startActivityExtensions() {
    startActivity<MainActivity>()
    // equal to
    startActivity(Intent(this, MainActivity::class.java))

    startActivity<MainActivity>(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_SINGLE_TOP, Bundle())
    startActivity<MainActivity>(Bundle())

    startActivityForResult<MainActivity>(100)
    startActivityForResult<MainActivity>(Bundle(), 100)
    startActivityForResult<MainActivity>(200, Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP)
}

Easy to Start Service

// available for Context
fun startServiceExtensions() {
    startService<BackgroundService>()
    startService<BackgroundService>(Bundle())
}

Network State

// available for Context
fun networkExtensions() {
    val name = networkTypeName()
    val operator = networkOperator()
    val type = networkType()
    val wifi = isWifi()
    val mobile = isMobile()
    val connected = isConnected()
}

Notification Builder

// available for Context
fun notificationExtensions() {
    // easy way using Notification.Builder
    val notification = newNotification() {
        this.setColor(0x0099cc)
                .setAutoCancel(true)
                .setContentTitle("Notification Title")
                .setContentText("Notification Message Text")
                .setDefaults(0)
                .setGroup("koi")
                .setVibrate(longArrayOf(1, 0, 0, 1))
                .setSubText("this is a sub title")
                .setSmallIcon(android.R.drawable.ic_dialog_info)
                .setLargeIcon(null)
    }
}

Package Functions

// available for Context
fun packageExtensions() {
    val isYoutubeInstalled = isAppInstalled("com.google.android.youtube")
    val isMainProcess = isMainProcess()
    val disabled = isComponentDisabled(MainActivity::class.java)
    enableComponent(MainActivity::class.java)

    val sig = getPackageSignature()
    val sigString = getSignature()
    println(dumpSignature())
}

System Service

// available for Context
// easy way to get system service, no cast
fun systemServices() {
    val wm = getWindowService()
    val tm = getTelephonyManager()
    val nm = getNotificationManager()
    val cm = getConnectivityManager()
    val am = getAccountManager()
    val acm = getActivityManager()
    val alm = getAlarmManager()
    val imm = getInputMethodManager()
    val inflater = getLayoutService()
    val lm = getLocationManager()
    val wifi = getWifiManager()
}

Easy to Log

// available for Context
fun logExtensions() {
    KoiConfig.logEnabled = true //default is false
    // true == Log.VERBOSE
    // false == Log.ASSERT
    // optional
    KoiConfig.logLevel = Log.VERBOSE // default is Log.ASSERT
    //

    logv("log functions available in Context")  //Log.v
    logd("log functions available in Context")  //Log.d
    loge("log functions available in Context")   //Log.e

    // support lazy evaluated message
    logv { "lazy eval message lambda" }  //Log.v
    logw { "lazy eval message lambda" }  //Log.w
}

View Extensions

View Listeners 1

fun viewListeners1() {
    val view = View(this)
    // View.OnClickListener
    view.onClick { print("view clicked") }
    // View.OnLongClickListener
    view.onLongClick { print("view long clicked");false }
    // View.OnKeyListener
    view.onKeyEvent { view, keyCode, event ->
        print("keyEvent: action:${event.action} code:$keyCode")
        false
    }
    // View.OnTouchListener
    view.onTouchEvent { view, event ->
        when (event.actionMasked) {
            MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN -> print("touch down")
            MotionEvent.ACTION_UP -> print("touch up")
            MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE -> print("touch move")
        }
        false
    }
    // View.OnFocusChangeListener
    view.onFocusChange { view, hasFocus ->
        print("focus changed = $hasFocus")
    }
}

View Listeners 2

fun viewListeners2() {
    // TextWatcher
    val editText = EditText(this)
    editText.onTextChange { text, start, before, count ->
        print("text changed: $text")
    }

    // OnCheckedChangeListener
    val checkBox = CheckBox(this)
    checkBox.onCheckedChanged { button, isChecked ->
        print("CheckBox value changed:$isChecked")
    }

    // OnSeekBarChangeListener
    val seekBar = SeekBar(this)
    seekBar.onProgressChanged { seekBar, progress, fromUser ->
        print("seekBar progress: $progress")
    }
}

ListView Listeners

fun listViewListeners() {
    val listView = ListView(this)
    // OnItemClickListener
    listView.onItemClick { parent, view, position, id ->
        print("onItemClick: position=$position")
    }
    // OnScrollListener
    listView.onScrollChanged { view, scrollState ->
        print("scroll state changed")
    }
}

View Utils

// available for View
fun viewSample() {
    val w = dm.widthPixels
    val h = dm.heightPixels
    val v1 = 32.5f
    val dp1 = v1.pxToDp()
    val v2 = 24f
    val px1 = v2.dpToPx()
    val dp2 = pxToDp(56)
    val px2 = dpToPx(32)
    val dp3 = 72.pxToDp()
    val px3 = 48.dpToPx()

    hideSoftKeyboard()
    val editText = EditText(context)
    editText.showSoftKeyboard()
    editText.toggleSoftKeyboard()
}

Adapter Extensions

Easy to Create Adapter

// easy way to create array adapter
fun adapterFunctions() {
    listView.adapter = quickAdapterOf(
            android.R.layout.simple_list_item_2,
            (1..100).map { "List Item No.$it" })
    { binder, data ->
        binder.setText(android.R.id.text1, data)
        binder.setText(android.R.id.text2, "Index: ${binder.position}")
    }

    val adapter2 = quickAdapterOf<String>(android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1) {
        binder, data ->
        binder.setText(android.R.id.text1, data)
    }
    adapter2.addAll(listOf("Cat", "Dog", "Rabbit"))

    val adapter3 = quickAdapterOf<Int>(android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,
            arrayOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)) {
        binder, data ->
        binder.setText(android.R.id.text1, "Item Number: $data")
    }

    val adapter4 = quickAdapterOf<Int>(android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,
            setOf(22, 33, 4, 5, 6, 8, 8, 8)) {
        binder, data ->
        binder.setText(android.R.id.text1, "Item Number: $data")
    }
}

Bundle Extensions

Bundle Builder

// available in any where
fun bundleExtension() {
    // easy way to create bundle
    val bundle = Bundle {
        putString("key", "value")
        putInt("int", 12345)
        putBoolean("boolean", false)
        putIntArray("intArray", intArrayOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5))
        putStringArrayList("strings", arrayListOf("Hello", "World", "Cat"))
    }

    // equal to using with
    val bundle2 = Bundle()
    with(bundle2) {
        putString("key", "value")
        putInt("int", 12345)
        putBoolean("boolean", false)
        putIntArray("intArray", intArrayOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5))
        putStringArrayList("strings", arrayListOf("Hello", "World", "Cat"))
    }
}

Parcelable Extensions

Easy to create Parcelable

// easy way to create Android Parcelable class
data class Person(val name: String, val age: Int) : Parcelable {
    override fun writeToParcel(dest: Parcel, flags: Int) {
        dest.writeString(name)
        dest.writeInt(age)
    }

    override fun describeContents(): Int = 0
    protected constructor(p: Parcel) : this(name = p.readString(), age = p.readInt()) {}
    companion object {
        // using createParcel
        @JvmField val CREATOR = createParcel { Person(it) }
    }
}

Collection Extensions

Collection to String

fun collectionToString() {
    val pets = listOf<String>("Cat", "Dog", "Rabbit", "Fish")
    // list to string, delimiter is space
    val string1 = pets.asString(delim = " ") // "Cat Dog Rabbit Fish"
    // default delimiter is comma
    val string2 = pets.asString() // "Cat,Dog,Rabbit,Fish"
    val numbers = arrayOf(2016, 2, 2, 20, 57, 40)
    // array to string, default delimiter is comma
    val string3 = numbers.asString() // "2016,2,2,20,57,40"
    // array to string, delimiter is -
    val string4 = numbers.asString(delim = "-") // 2016-2-2-20-57-40
    // using Kotlin stdlib
    val s1 = pets.joinToString()
    val s2 = numbers.joinToString(separator = "-", prefix = "<", postfix = ">")
}

Map to String

fun mapToString() {
    val map = mapOf<String, Int>(
            "John" to 30,
            "Smith" to 50,
            "Alice" to 22
    )
    // default delimiter is ,
    val string1 = map.asString() // "John=30,Smith=50,Alice=22"
    // using delimiter /
    val string2 = map.asString(delim = "/") // "John=30/Smith=50/Alice=22"
    // using stdlib
    map.asSequence().joinToString { "${it.key}=${it.value}" }
}

List Append

fun appendAndPrepend() {
    val numbers = (1..6).toArrayList()
    println(numbers.joinToString()) // "1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7"
    numbers.head() // .dropLast(1)
    numbers.tail() //.drop(1)
    val numbers2 = 100.appendTo(numbers) //
    val numbers3 = 2016.prependTo(numbers)
}

Database Extensions

Easy to get Cursor Value

// available for Cursor
fun cursorValueExtensions() {
    val cursor = this.writableDatabase.query("table", null, null, null, null, null, null)
    cursor.moveToFirst()
    do {
        val intVal = cursor.intValue("column-a")
        val stringVal = cursor.stringValue("column-b")
        val longVal = cursor.longValue("column-c")
        val booleanValue = cursor.booleanValue("column-d")
        val doubleValue = cursor.doubleValue("column-e")
        val floatValue = cursor.floatValue("column-f")

        // no need to do like this, so verbose
        cursor.getInt(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("column-a"))
        cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("column-b"))
    } while (cursor.moveToNext())
}

Easy to convert Cursor to Model

// available for Cursor
// transform cursor to model object
fun cursorToModels() {
    val where = " age>? "
    val whereArgs = arrayOf("20")
    val cursor = this.readableDatabase.query("users", null, where, whereArgs, null, null, null)
    val users1 = cursor.map {
        UserInfo(
                stringValue("name"),
                intValue("age"),
                stringValue("bio"),
                booleanValue("pet_flag"))
    }

    // or using mapAndClose
    val users2 = cursor.mapAndClose {
        UserInfo(
                stringValue("name"),
                intValue("age"),
                stringValue("bio"),
                booleanValue("pet_flag"))
    }

    // or using Cursor?mapTo(collection, transform())
}

Easy to use Transaction

// available for SQLiteDatabase and SQLiteOpenHelper
// auto apply transaction to db operations
fun inTransaction() {
    val db = this.writableDatabase
    val values = ContentValues()

    // or db.transaction
    transaction {
        db.execSQL("insert into users (?,?,?) (1,2,3)")
        db.insert("users", null, values)
    }
    // equal to
    db.beginTransaction()
    try {
        db.execSQL("insert into users (?,?,?) (1,2,3)")
        db.insert("users", null, values)
        db.setTransactionSuccessful()
    } finally {
        db.endTransaction()
    }
}

IO Extensions

Easy to close Stream

// available for Closeable
fun closeableSample() {
    val input = FileInputStream(File("readme.txt"))
    try {
        val string = input.readString("UTF-8")
    } catch(e: IOException) {
        e.printStackTrace()
    } finally {
        input.closeQuietly()
    }
}

Stream doSafe Function

// simple way, equal to closeableSample
// InputStream.doSafe{}
fun doSafeSample() {
    val input = FileInputStream(File("readme.txt"))
    input.doSafe {
        val string = readString("UTF-8")
    }
}

readString/readList

// available for InputStream/Reader
fun readStringAndList1() {
    val input = FileInputStream(File("readme.txt"))
    try {
        val reader = input.reader(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

        val string1 = input.readString(Encoding.UTF_8)
        val string2 = input.readString(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

        val list1 = input.readList()
        val list2 = input.readList(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

    } catch(e: IOException) {

    } finally {
        input.closeQuietly()
    }
}

readString/readList using doSafe

// available for InputStream/Reader
//equal to readStringAndList1
fun readStringAndList2() {
    val input = FileInputStream(File("readme.txt"))
    input.doSafe {
        val reader = reader(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

        val string1 = readString(Encoding.UTF_8)
        val string2 = readString(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

        val list1 = readList()
        val list2 = readList(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)
    }
}

writeString/writeList using doSafe

fun writeStringAndList() {
    val output = FileOutputStream("output.txt")
    output.doSafe {
        output.writeString("hello, world")
        output.writeString("Alic's Adventures in Wonderland", charset = Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

        val list1 = listOf<Int>(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
        val list2 = (1..8).map { "Item No.$it" }
        output.writeList(list1, charset = Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)
        output.writeList(list2)
    }
}

File Read and Write

fun fileReadWrite() {
    val directory = File("/Users/koi/workspace")
    val file = File("some.txt")

    val text1 = file.readText()
    val text2 = file.readString(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)
    val list1 = file.readList()
    val list2 = file.readLines(Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

    file.writeText("hello, world")
    file.writeList(list1)
    file.writeList(list2, Encoding.CHARSET_UTF_8)

    val v1 = file.relativeToOrNull(directory)
    val v2 = file.toRelativeString(directory)

    // clean files in directory
    directory.clean()


    val file1 = File("a.txt")
    val file2 = File("b.txt")
    file1.copyTo(file2, overwrite = false)
}

Handler Extensions

Easy to use Handler

// available for Handler
// short name for functions
fun handlerFunctions() {
    val handler = Handler()
    handler.atNow { print("perform action now") }
    // equal to
    handler.post { print("perform action now") }

    handler.atFront { print("perform action at first") }
    // equal to
    handler.postAtFrontOfQueue { print("perform action at first") }

    handler.atTime(timestamp() + 5000, { print("perform action after 5s") })
    // equal to
    handler.postAtTime({ print("perform action after 5s") }, 5000)

    handler.delayed(3000, { print("perform action after 5s") })
    // equal to
    handler.postDelayed({ print("perform action after 5s") }, 3000)
}

Other Extensions

Date Functions

// available in any where
fun dateSample() {
    val nowString = dateNow()
    val date = dateParse("2016-02-02 20:30:45")
    val dateStr1 = date.asString()
    val dateStr2 = date.asString(SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMdd.HHmmss"))
    val dateStr3 = date.asString("yyyy-MM-dd-HH-mm-ss")

    // easy way to get timestamp
    val timestamp1 = timestamp()
    // equal to
    val timestamp2 = System.currentTimeMillis()
    val dateStr4 = timestamp1.asDateString()
}

Number Functions

fun numberExtensions() {
    val number = 179325344324902187L
    println(number.readableByteCount())

    val bytes = byteArrayOf(1, 7, 0, 8, 9, 4, 125)
    println(bytes.hexString())
}

String Functions

// available for String
fun stringExtensions() {
    val string = "hello, little cat!"
    val quotedString = string.quote()
    val isBlank = string.isBlank()
    val hexBytes = string.toHexBytes()
    val s1 = string.trimAllWhitespace()
    val c = string.containsWhitespace()

    val url = "https://github.com/mcxiaoke/kotlin-koi?year=2016&encoding=utf8&a=b#changelog"
    val urlNoQuery = url.withoutQuery()

    val isNameSafe = url.isNameSafe()
    val fileName = url.toSafeFileName()
    val queries = url.toQueries()

    val path = "/Users/koi/workspace/String.kt"
    val baseName = path.fileNameWithoutExtension()
    val extension = path.fileExtension()
    val name = path.fileName()
}

Crypto Functions

// available in any where
fun cryptoFunctions() {
    val md5 = HASH.md5("hello, world")
    val sha1 = HASH.sha1("hello, world")
    val sha256 = HASH.sha256("hello, world")
}

Check API Level

// available in any where
fun apiLevelFunctions() {
    // Build.VERSION.SDK_INT
    val v = currentVersion()
    val ics = icsOrNewer()
    val kk = kitkatOrNewer()
    val bkk = beforeKitkat()
    val lol = lollipopOrNewer()
    val mar = marshmallowOrNewer()
}

Device Functions

// available in any where
fun deviceSample() {
    val a = isLargeHeap
    val b = noSdcard()
    val c = noFreeSpace(needSize = 10 * 1024 * 1024L)
    val d = freeSpace()
}

Preconditions

// available in any where
// null and empty check
fun preconditions() {
    throwIfEmpty(listOf(), "collection is null or empty")
    throwIfNull(null, "object is null")
    throwIfTrue(currentVersion() == 10, "result is true")
    throwIfFalse(currentVersion() < 4, "result is false")
}

Thread Functions

Create Thread Pool

// available in any where
fun executorFunctions() {
    // global main handler
    val uiHandler1 = CoreExecutor.mainHandler
    // or using this function
    val uiHandler2 = koiHandler()

    // global executor service
    val executor = CoreExecutor.executor
    // or using this function
    val executor2 = koiExecutor()

    // create thread pool functions
    val pool1 = newCachedThreadPool("cached")
    val pool2 = newFixedThreadPool("fixed", 4)
    val pool3 = newSingleThreadExecutor("single")
}

Main Thread Functions

// available in any where
fun mainThreadFunctions() {
    //check current thread
    // call from any where
    val isMain = isMainThread()

    // execute in main thread
    mainThread {
        print("${(1..8).asSequence().joinToString()}")
    }

    // delay execute in main thread
    mainThreadDelay(3000) {
        print("execute after 3000 ms")
    }
}

Context Check


    // isContextAlive function impl
    fun <T> isContextAlive(context: T?): Boolean {
        return when (context) {
            null -> false
            is Activity -> !context.isFinishing
            is Fragment -> context.isAdded
            is android.support.v4.app.Fragment -> context.isAdded
            is Detachable -> !context.isDetached()
            else -> true
        }
    }

Safe Functions

// available in any where
fun safeFunctions() {
    val context = this
    // check Activity/Fragment lifecycle
    val alive = isContextAlive(context)

    fun func1() {
        print("func1")
    }
    // convert to safe function with context check
    // internal using  isContextAlive
    val safeFun1 = safeFunction(::func1)

    // call function with context check
    // internal using isContextAlive
    safeExecute(::func1)

    // direct use
    safeExecute { print("func1") }
}

Async Functions

class AsyncFunctionsSample {
    private val intVal = 1000
    private var strVal: String? = null
}

With Context Check 1

// async functions with context check
// internal using isContextAlive
// context alive:
// !Activity.isFinishing
// Fragment.isAdded
// !Detachable.isDetached
//
// available in any where
// using in Activity/Fragment better
fun asyncSafeFunction1() {
    // safe means context alive check
    // async
    asyncSafe {
        print("action executed only if context alive ")
        // if you want get caller context
        // maybe null
        val ctx = getCtx()
        // you can also using outside variables
        // not recommended
        // if context is Activity or Fragment
        // may cause memory leak
        print("outside value, $intVal $strVal")

        // you can using mainThreadSafe here
        // like a callback
        mainThreadSafe {
            // also with context alive check
            // if context dead, not executed
            print("code here executed in main thread")
        }
        // if you don't want context check, using mainThread{}
        mainThread {
            // no context check
            print("code here executed in main thread")
        }
    }
    // if your result or error is nullable
    // using asyncSafe2, just as asyncSafe
    // but type of result and error is T?, Throwable?
}

With Context Check 2

fun asyncSafeFunction2() {

    // async with callback
    asyncSafe(
            {
                print("action executed in async thread")
                listOf<Int>(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
            },
            { result, error ->
                // in main thread
                print("callback executed in main thread")
            })
}
fun asyncSafeFunction3() {
    // async with success/failure callback
    asyncSafe(
            {
                print("action executed in async thread")
                "this string is result of the action"
                // throw RuntimeException("action error")
            },
            { result ->
                // if action success with no exception
                print("success callback in main thread result:$result")
            },
            { error ->
                // if action failed with exception
                print("failure callback in main thread, error:$error")
            })
}

Without Context Check

// if you don't want context check
// using asyncUnsafe series functions
// just replace asyncSafe with asyncUnsafe
fun asyncUnsafeFunctions() {
    // async
    asyncUnsafe {
        print("action executed with no context check ")
        // may cause memory leak
        print("outside value, $intVal $strVal")

        mainThread {
            // no context check
            print("code here executed in main thread")
        }
    }
}

Custom Executor

    val executor = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(4)
    asyncSafe(executor) {
        print("action executed in async thread")
        mainThreadSafe {
            print("code here executed in main thread")
        }
    }

With Delay

// async functions with delay
// with context check
// if context died, not executed
// others just like asyncSafe
fun asyncDelayFunctions() {
    // usage see asyncSafe
    asyncDelay(5000) {
        print("action executed after 5000ms only if context alive ")

        // you can using mainThreadSafe here
        // like a callback
        mainThreadSafe {
            // also with context alive check
            // if context dead, not executed
            print("code here executed in main thread")
        }
        // if you don't want context check, using mainThread{}
        mainThread {
            // no context check
            print("code here executed in main thread")
        }
    }
}

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