Gradle Energy Consumption Plugin

Warning: this is just a proof-of-concept experiment!

Only Intel Linux hosts are supported, only CPU and DRAM consumption is monitored, only the Gradle daemon process is monitored, monitoring starts too late…

Energy consumption is reported on the console at the end of the build and added as custom values to build scans.

We could potentially use sampling in order to attribute energy consumption to units of work.

Set up the environment

Java >= 14 is required, tested with Java 17.

CVE-2020-8694 caused all Linux distributions to change the permissions of the RAPL files. They can only be read by root.

Change the files permissions in order for this experiment to run:

chmod a+r /sys/class/powercap/intel-rapl/intel-rapl:1/energy_uj

Note that the above is not persistent and will be reset on reboot. This can be persistently changed with:

sudo apt install sysfsutils
echo "mode class/powercap/intel-rapl:1/energy_uj = 0444" | sudo tee -a /etc/sysfs.conf > /dev/null
sudo reboot # CAREFUL!

Try it out

By running the following command you will build the plugin locally and run a task that does some work:

./gradlew work

If you want to try it on your own build you can include the plugin build and apply the plugin in your settings:


pluginManagement {
plugins {

Publish a build scan to see the attached custom values

./gradlew work --scan


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